The many valued and non-monotonic turn in logic Elektronische Ressource Includes index

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The many valued and non-monotonic turn in logic Elektronische Ressource Includes index


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Book's title: The many valued and non-monotonic turn in logic Elektronische Ressource Includes index
International Standard Book Number (ISBN):9780444516237 978-0-444-51623-7
International Standard Book Number (ISBN):0444516239 0-444-51623-9
International Standard Book Number (ISBN):9780080549392, electronic bk. 978-0-08-054939-2
International Standard Book Number (ISBN):008054939X, electronic bk. 0-08-054939-X
System Control Number:(OCoLC)775121295
System Control Number:(DE-599)BVBBV039834067
Cataloging Source:DE-604 ger aacr
Country of Publishing/Producing Entity Code:sz, XA-CH
Publication, Distribution, etc.:Amsterdam. North Holland (c)2007
Physical Description:1 online resource
Series Statement:Handbook of the history of logic $vv. 8
General Note:The present volume of the Handbook of the History of Logic brings together two of the most important developments in 20th century non-classical logic. These are many-valuedness and non-monotonicity. On the one approach, in deference to vagueness, temporal or quantum indeterminacy or reference-failure, sentences that are classically non-bivalent are allowed as inputs and outputs to consequence relations. Many-valued, dialetheic, fuzzy and quantum logics are, among other things, principled attempts to regulate the flow-through of sentences that are neither true nor false. On the second, or non-monotonic, approach, constraints are placed on inputs (and sometimes on outputs) of a classical consequence relation, with a view to producing a notion of consequence that serves in a more realistic way the requirements of real-life inference. Many-valued logics produce an interesting problem. Non-bivalent inputs produce classically valid consequence statements, for any choice of outputs.
General Note:A major task of many-valued logics of all stripes is to fashion an appropriately non-classical relation of consequence. The chief preoccupation of non-monotonic (and default) logicians is how to constrain inputs and outputs of the consequence relation. In what is called left non-monotonicity, it is forbidden to add new sentences to the inputs of true consequence-statements. The restriction takes notice of the fact that new information will sometimes override an antecedently (and reasonably) derived consequence. In what is called right non-monotonicity, limitations are imposed on outputs of the consequence relation. Most notably, perhaps, is the requirement that the rule of or-introduction not be given free sway on outputs. Also prominent is the effort of paraconsistent logicians, both preservationist and dialetheic, to limit the outputs of inconsistent inputs, which in classical contexts are wholly unconstrained. In some instances, our two themes coincide.
General Note:Dialetheic logics are a case in point. Dialetheic logics allow certain selected sentences to have, as a third truth value, the classical values of truth and falsity together. So such logics also admit classically inconsistent inputs. A central task is to construct a right non-monotonic consequence relation that allows for these many-valued, and inconsistent, inputs. The Many Valued and Non-Monotonic Turn in Logic is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science, AI, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, and the history of ideas. - Detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic - Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interprative insights that answers many questions in the field of logic
General Note:Preface
List of Contributors
Chapter 1. Many-valued Logic (Grzegorz Malinowski)
Chapter 2. Paraconsistent Logic: Preservationist Variations (Bryson Brown)
Chapter 3. Paraconsistent Logic: Dialethic Variations (Graham Priest)
Chapter 4. Quantum Logic (M. Dalla Chiara, Roberto Giuntini and Miklos Rdei)
Chapter 5. Logic of Vagueness (Dominic Hyde)
Chapter 6. Fuzzy Logic (Didier Dubois, Henri Prade and Lluis Godo)
Chapter 7. Non-monotonic Logic (Karl Schlechta)
Chapter 8. Default Logic (Grigoris Antoniou and Kewen Wang)
Chapter 9. Non-monotonic Reasoning and Belief Change (Alexander Bochman)
Chapter 10. Free Logic (Carl Posy)
Index
General Note:Includes bibliographical references and index
Personal Name:Gabbay, Dov M. Sonstige
Personal Name:Woods, John Sonstige
Rubrics: MATHEMATICS / Infinity / bisacsh
MATHEMATICS / Logic / bisacsh
Many-valued logic
Nonmonotonic reasoning

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